Rosa centifolia ("Cabbage Rose") is a hybrid developed in Holland at least 400 years ago. Many modern roses are descendants of the centifolia rose, although the original cultivar is still around. The flowers have a clean, sweet, honey-like smell and are used in the production of rose oil and various perfumes.
The variety depicted here, Rosa Pompona, is one of the earliest cultivars of the centfolia hybrid.
This illustration was painted by the famous French botanical illustrator Pierre-Joseph Redouté. More of his work can be seen at Rosa centifolia mucosa and Rosa rugosa.